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John Quincy Adams
— 6th President of the United States —

View full portraits at:
National Portrait Gallery or the White House Presidential Portrait Gallery

ELECTED FROM: Massachusetts
POLITICAL PARTY: Democratic-Republican
TERM: March 4, 1825 to March 3, 1829

BORN: July 11, 1767
BIRTHPLACE: Quincy, Massachusetts
DIED: February 23, 1848, Washington, D.C.
Buried in Quincy, Massachusetts
OCCUPATION: Lawyer, statesman
MARRIED: Louisa Catherine Johnson, 1797
CHILDREN: George Washington; John Quincy, Jr.; Charles Francis; Louisa

John Quincy Adams had a very unusual childhood. He was the president's son. Being the son of a president was a difficult way to grow up. Like his father before him, John Quincy Adams was born in Massachusetts, in the house next to where his father was born. As a boy, John Quincy felt he had to study hard to become president like his father. He went on to graduate from Harvard College and became a lawyer just like his father.

Also like his father, John Quincy Adams served the United States in many ways before he became president Ð as a diplomat, senator, congressman, and Secretary of State. Adams also signed a peace treaty with England to end a war, but the war he ended was the war of 1812. As Secretary of State under President Monroe, John Quincy Adams was instrumental in the formulation of the Monroe Doctrine.

As president, he had many difficulties that all started with how he won the election. John Quincy Adams had not won a majority of the popular votes or the electoral votes, but he still won the election. The voting was so close that the House of Representatives had to choose the president, and they chose Adams over Andrew Jackson.

President Adams' trouble continued because he was a harsh opponent of slavery. His strong beliefs did not sit well with members of Congress from the slave states. But he managed to make significant inroads into the areas of education and art. The Smithsonian Institution was established during his presidency.

John Quincy Adams served as president for four years. In 1829, he moved back to Massachusetts where he was elected to the House of Representatives. As a member of Congress, he continued to fight for the rights and freedom of slaves until he died of a stroke on February 23, 1848.


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