Carolus Linnaeus, also called Carl Linnaeus, was born on May 23, 1707 in Rashult, Sweden. Linnaeus began to appreciate plants and flowers at a young age. By the time he was eight years old, he was being called "the little botanist."
Linnaeus received his degree in medicine from the University of Uppsala, and he also studied at the University of Lund. Upon graduation from Uppsala, Linnaeus was appointed botany lecturer at the university.
In 1730, Linnaeus traveled to Lapland to conduct explorations. His findings were published in Amsterdam in 1737, under the title Flora Lapponica and reprinted in English under the title Lachesis Lapponica. In 1735, Linnaeus published Systema Naturae, and in 1737, Genera Plantarum. These works, which introduced a system for classifying species of plants, firmly established Linnaeus' reputation.
In 1738, Linnaeus set up a successful medical practice in Stockholm, and in 1739, he married Sara Moraea. He continued to practice medicine, teach botany, and produce works that systematized plants, animals, and minerals. His writings included Hortus Cliffortinaus (1736), Flora Suecica (1745), Fauna Suecica (1746), and many others. In 1753, he published Specieis Plantarum, which was considered one of his most important works. Linnaeus was granted a Swedish patent of nobility in 1761.
In 1774, Linnaeus had a stroke, and he died on January 10, 1778.
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